BERLIN — Officials from around the globe begin three weeks of gruelingMonday that will involve grappling with several thorny political issues without face-to-face meetings due to pandemic restrictions. The U.N. climate office in Bonn, Germany, has designed a schedule of virtual sessions to see negotiators share the burden of joining meetings before dawn, during the afternoon, or — depending on their respective time zones.
“This is not ideal at all,” said Marianne Karlsen, who chairs one of the two international bodies holding talks. “We wanted to have all these interactions that we have in an in-person setting, but we do not have any other options.” Tosi Mpanu Mpanu, who chairs the second body at the talks, said that although negotiators would not be able to encourage each other “with a friendly tap on the shoulder,” he hopes that” we’re going to be engaging on substantive issues and try to make progress.”
Negotiations will resolve some of the outstanding issues arising from the 2015accord, including rules for international carbon markets, harmonizing countries’ timeframes for reducing greenhouse gas emissions, and providing aid to developing nations. Progress on those issues is key to making the U.N. , Scotland, successful in November. However, due to concerns about the format, no official decisions are expected at the virtual talks until June 17.
The Glasgow summit will be a crucial test for international efforts to curb global warming before it reaches critical levels in the coming decades. “We need to show up in Glasgow with decisions ready to be taken,” said the head of the U.N. climate office, Patricia Espinosa. In particular, a pledge to provide $100 billion in financial support each year to developing countries to tacklehas yet to be fulfilled. “The $100 billion has become one element crucial to building trust, but it goes beyond the $100 billion,” Espinosa told reporters.
Signatories of the Paris accord agreed to limit the rise in average temperatures to well below 2 degrees Celsius (3.6 Fahrenheit), ideally no more than 1.5 C (2.7 F), by the end of the century compared with pre-industrial times. But with global warming already at about 1.2 C (2.2 F),drastic steps are needed to reduce carbon dioxide and other planet-heating gases released into the atmosphere.
“We are not on a trajectory that is compatible with 1.5 degrees by the end of the century,” Espinosa warned. She said that her office has given countries that missed lastuntil July 31 if they want those targets included in a critical scientific report that will provide the basis for further talks in Glasgow. Concerns have been expressed that unless the is firmly beaten back by fall, the U.N. summit could be delayed for a , or held online, a format many developing countries object to.
But former U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry, President Joe Biden’s special envoy on climate change, has said he expects the Glasgow. “I do,” Kerry told The Associated Press in mid-May. “And I think great steps will be taken to help make sure it does. I think it’s essential that it does.” Follow A.P.’s.. climate coverage at https://apnews.com/hub/climate.